- Konstantin Novoselov, who shares the award in Physics with Andre Geim for their graphene discovery, is only 36 years old. The average age for this category is 51.
- Novoselov and Geim's discovery was made in the early years of this century (around 2003-2004). Most awards are made for contributions decades old.
It's not easy to get a Nobel Prize in any category -- the selection process is rigorous and subject to high standards. Alfred Nobel indicated in his will that should there be no contribution worthy of the award in any given year, then the Committee should skip that year. Since its first awards in 1901, the Nobel Committee has skipped granting 50 awards in the various categories.
Some other interesting facts about the Nobel Prize:
- Though 806 Prizes have awarded from 1901 to 2009, only 40 of these have been to women.
- Two Laureates have declined the Prize (Jean-Paul Sartre and Le Duc Tho), and four have been forbidden by their government to accept the award of money associated with it.
- Linus Pauling is the only recipient to have been awarded an unshared Prize more than once.
Palladium-catalyzed cross coupling
in vitro fertilization
2010 Nobel Prize